About Junk Food
Diabetes n. 糖尿病
Sausages and burgers are killing more than 4,000 Brits a year, an international study has claimed. Processed meats are causing death rates higher than most other countries according to findings published in the respected Lancet medical journal.
Scientists calculated that there were a total of 90,000 deaths caused directly by poor diet in Britain in 2017 due factors such as not eating enough fruit and vegetables. Researchers analyzed death rates for cancer cardiovascular disease and diabetes in 195 countries as well as intake of 15 key ingredients in foods or drink.
In the UK they found eating too much processed food caused 4,300 deaths and too much salt 14,100 deaths. While on an individual level food cannot be identified as a cause of death, the statisticians calculated on a population level how many lives would be saved if we ate "optimal" amounts of these foods.
Too much red meat was responsible for 369 deaths while too much sugary drinks caused 1,900 deaths. Other factors measured were diets lacking in nuts, seeds, legumes, whole grains, milk, fiber, calcium, seafood omega-3 fatty acids and polyunsaturated fats.
Lack of fruit was responsible for 18,400 deaths, vegetables 13,400 deaths and whole grains 24,200 deaths. Author Dr Christopher Murray, of the University of Washington, said: "Poor diet is responsible for more deaths than any other risk factor in the world. While sodium, sugar, and fat have been the focus of policy debates over the past two decades, our assessment suggests the leading dietary risk factors are high intake of sodium (salt), or low intake of healthy foods, such as whole grains, fruit, nuts and seeds, and vegetables."
Of these the UK fared worst in the international comparison for processed meats which caused an estimated 6.7 deaths for every 100,000 adults in 2017.
Death rates due to high levels of processed meats saw Britain come 17th worst out of 195 nations. This was worse than other European nations such as Italy with 3.2, Ireland and Spain at 3.1 and France at 2.8. Scientists recommend a daily intake of processed meats of between 18g and 27g.
Scrutiny n. 周密的调查，细看，监视
Distraught adj. 烦恼的，发狂的，异常激动的
Inaccuracy n. 错误；不精确
A NewVeganOption: McVeganNuggets
McDonald's has become the latest fast food company to launch a new vegan option: McVegan nuggets.
The plant-based offering is currently being offered in some of its Norway outlets.
A spokesperson for the global fast food chain confirmed that the vegan nuggets are made with mashed potato, chickpeas, onion, carrots, and corn.
They're then coated in a layer of breadcrumbs and fried until crispy, making them look and feel just like regular chicken nuggets.
It's not the first vegan product on McDonald's ever-expanding menu though.
The fast food company currently offers customers soy-based McVegan burger in Finland and a McFalafel in Sweden.
In January, McDonald's released a vegan-friendly Happy Meal in the UK which includes a Spicy Veggie Wrap made from red pesto, sweetcorn, and breadcrumbs.
The wrap came under scrutiny earlier this year when McDonald's customers across the UK claimed they found chicken inside what they thought was a vegetarian option.
Some people claimed to have been vegetarians their whole lives, and were distraught at having felt duped into eating meat.
At the time, McDonald's issued an apology expressing their "disappointment" at any mistakes that might have been made in their kitchens.
"We have a number of procedures in place to avoid inaccurate orders," the company stated.
"After we saw that mistakes were being made, we introduced a number of additional measures in our kitchens and communicated with all stores to reduce inaccuracies quickly and effectively.
"We are disappointed that mistakes are still being made. We never want to disappoint customers, and any inaccuracy is not good enough."